Wound Healing & Ulcers

Wound Healing & Ulcers

Ischaemic Ulcers

Ischemic Ulcers, also known as arterial ulcers, occur due to damage to the arteries as a result of insufficient blood flow to the tissue.

What are the symptoms?

  • Red, yellow or black sores
  • Deep wounds
  • Bleeding
  • Tight, hairless skin
  • Leg Pain
ischemic ulcer treatment

What are the causes?

  • Diabetes
  • Smoking
  • High Blood Pressure
  • Kidney Failure
  • Vasculitis

Arterial ulcers are the result of irregular blood circulation and can cause serious complications if untreated. Seek immediate medical help if you notice any of the symptoms

Decubitus Ulceration

Decubitus Ulcers are injuries to underlying tissues of the skin caused by prolonged pressure on the skin. These are also known as pressure ulcers or bedsores.

Symptoms:

  • Unusual changes in skin color or texture
  • Swelling
  • Pus
  • Tenderness

Common Sites of Bedsores:

  • Tailbone or buttocks
  • Shoulder blades and spine
  • Back or sides of the head
  • Heels, ankles and skin behind the knees

Risk Factors:

  • Immobility
  • Lack of Sensory Perception
  • Poor nutrition and hydration
  • Medical conditions affecting blood flow

Treatment of bedsores involves reducing pressure on the affected skin, caring for wounds, medications to control pain, medications to fight infection, Negative Pressure Therapy.

Neuropathic Ulceration

Neuropathic ulcers generally develop in diabetic patients due to peripheral neuropathy, Lack of sensation on the pressure points of the foot causes breakdown of overlying tissue and eventually ulcers.

Symptoms of Neuropathic Ulcers:

  • Swelling, Discoloration and warmth
  • Foul smelling discharge from the wound
  • Calluses
  • Pain when touched
  • Fever

Causes of Neuropathic Ulcers:

Neuropathic ulcers may be a result of repeated stress on the feet, which leads to lack of sensation. Vascular Impairment may also be a cause of neuropathic ulcers.

decubitus ulcer treatment