Skin Infections can be caused by many different kinds of germs and symptoms can range from mild to severe.
Types of Skin Infections
There are 3 types of skin infections
- Bacterial Skin Infections
- Viral Skin Infections
- Fungal Skin Infections
BACTERIAL SKIN INFECTIONS
It is a progressive infectious disease caused by bacteria known as ‘mycobacterium leprae’. Leprosy causes severe nerve damage across the body. It predominantly affects the skin and peripheral nerves i.e nerves outside brain and spinal cord. Disfiguring skin sores and lumps that last even after several weeks are common symptoms of this disease
Carbuncle is a cluster of boils, bacterial infections formed under the skin, with several pus heads. It occurs when a bacteria enters hair follicles. Carbuncles generally develop on face, neck, armpits, thighs or any other area with excessive sweat or friction.
A boil is an infection that originates in a hair follicle or oil gland. Boils are generally formed on the face, neck, shoulders and buttocks. When a boil develops on eyelid, its known as a sty. Swelling and redness are common symptoms of boils
Cellulitis occurs when bacteria enters your skin through a crack or break. It generally develops on skin of lower legs, but may occur on the face, arms and other areas. Injury, weak immune system, chronic swelling of arms or legs, obesity and certain skin conditions such as athlete’s foot are some of the risk factors of cellulitis.
VIRAL SKIN INFECTIONS
It is a skin infection in which lesions or bumps are formed on the upper layers of the skin. This infections spreads through direct contact with someone who is infected or by touching a contaminated object. It is most common in children of 1 to 10 years, people who participate in contact sports and people with weakened immune systems.
It is a viral infection caused by varicella-zoster virus. It is the same virus that causes chickenpox. A person who has had chickenpox is likely to develop shingles. However, not everyone who had chickenpox will have shingles. Other risk factors of Shingles include certain diseases like HIV or cancer that weaken immune system, taking certain medications or undergoing radiation or chemotherapy.
Chickenpox is a viral infection that causes skin rash with tiny fluid-filled blisters. As it is highly contagious, an immunization shot is critical for all children. Symptoms of Chickenpox include fever, loss of appetite, headache and fatigue.
FUNGAL SKIN INFECTIONS
It is a fungal infection that occurs in people with sweaty feet. It causes a rash that is itchy and burning. In some cases, blisters or ulcers are also formed. This infection can affect one or both feet and can also spread to hands.
Ringworm is a skin infection caused by fungi that live on dead cells of skin, scalp, nails & hair. When ringworm occurs in between toes, it is known as athlete’s foot. When it occurs around the groin area, its known as jock’s itch. Ringworm is contagious and can spread from another person, a pet or contaminated objects.
It is a fungal infection that causes intense irritation and itchiness in the tissues at the vaginal opening. It affects three out of four women at some point in their lifetime. Redness, swelling, pain during sex, thick odorless discharge are some of its symptoms.