Disorders of Hair & Nail

Disorders of Hair & Nail

Hair disorders include a range of problems such as:

  • Dandruff, also known as seborrhic dermatitis, is a skin condition resulting from overactive sebaceaous glands.
  • Yellow Dandruff causes yellow flaky patches of skin on the scalp. It also causes redness and severe itching.
  • Razor Bumps occur when hair curls around & grows back into the skin. They usually heal by themselves, but may sometimes cause infection & scarring.
  • Alopecia Areata is an autoimmune disorder that causes patches of hair loss
  • Traction Alopecia is a hair loss type that results from certain hairstyles which pull on the roots of the hair.
  • Trichotillomania is an obsessive-compulsive disorder in which the patient has an extreme urge to pull out scalp hair, eyebrows, eyelashes or other body hair.
  • Telogen Effluvium is a disorder in which a person experiences severe hair loss after childbirth, surgery, infection or severe chronic illness
  • Female Pattern Baldness is a hair loss type that occurs on the top or side of the head. It commonly occurs after menopause.

There are many factors that cause these hair conditions. Some of the factors include:

  • Genetics
  • Hormonal Shifts
  • Other medical conditions
  • Certain Medications
  • Unhealthy eating habits

Based on the cause, the treatment may range from minor diet changes or change of shampoo to medications, topical injections or hair transplant.

Nail Disorders include:

  • Onycholysis is a nail disorder in which the nail gets separated from the nail bed due to injury or infection.
  • Fungal Nail Infection results in nails becoming thick, opaque and brittle. Damp or warm environment allows fungus to flourish.
  • Ingrown toenail generally occurs on the big toe due to improper nail trimming or wearing tight shoes. It may lead to severe pain, redness and even infection.
  • Clubbed nails may be due to genetic factors or as a result of certain medical conditions such as Cirrhosis,Inflammatory Bowel Disease, Congenital Heart Disease or Cystic Fibrosis.
  • Discoloration of nails may be due to potassium permanganate that turns nails to brownish purple color or due to silver nitrate that turns them into black. Nail stains are mostly a cosmetic concern and are not dangerous.
  • Nail Patella Syndrome is a genetic disorder in which nails may be missing, underdeveloped or discolored. People with this condition are at a greater risk for glaucoma & kidney disorders.
  • Leukonykia Striata are white streaks that develop on nails as a result of trauma, manicure or other systemic diseases.
  • Trachyonchia is a condition in which nail matrix gets disrupted and nails become rough and brittle. This condition is also known as 20 nail dystrophy