Blistering Skin Disorders

Blistering Skin Disorders

Dermatitis Herpetiformis (DH)

Dermatitis Herpetiformis, also known as Duhring’s disease or gluten rash, is an itchy and burning skin rash that can occur on elbows, knees, scalp, back or buttocks.
DH is indicative of gluten intolerance, which is related to a more serious condition called Celiac Disease.

What are the Symptoms?

DH typically affects the skin, the mouth and the gastrointestinal tract.

Effects on skin:

  • Red patches
  • Blisters that burst with scratching
  • Severe Itchiness

Effects on GI Tract

  • Abdominal bloating
  • Cramping
  • Pain

Effects on Mouth

  • Problems with tooth enamel
  • Oral Ulcerations
  • Canker Sores

How is it diagnosed?

A skin biopsy helps in confirming a diagnosis of DH. A sample of the skin is taken from the area next to a lesion.

Epidermolysis Bullosa

It is a cluster of rare diseases that cause fragile and blistering skin. Blisters may be due to minor injury, excessive scratching or adhesive tape.
Epidermolysis Bullosa is an inherited disease and usually develops in infancy or childhood. In some people, symptoms do not develop until adolescence or early childhood.

What are the symptoms?

  • Itchy, painful skin
  • Fragile skin prone to blisters
  • Nails that are thick or do not form
  • Thin appearing skin
  • Tiny white skin bumps
  • Difficulty swallowing

What are the complications?

  • Infection
  • Malnutrition Anemia
  • Dental Problems
  • Skin Cancer

How to Prevent?

  • Handle your child gently
  • Keep home environment cool
  • Keep Skin Moist
  • Prevent Scratching

Pemphigus

In pemphigus, the patient gets blisters & sores on the skin or mucous membranes (mouth or genitals). Pemphigus is a chronic condition and is typically seen in middle aged or older people

What are the types of Pemphigus?

  • Pemphigus Vulgaris
  • It begins as blisters in the mouth and then on skin and genital mucous membranes. Blisters are painful but do not cause itchiness.

  • Pemphigus Foliaceus
  • In this type of pemphigus, blisters develop on the chest, back and shoulders

What are the complications?

  • Skin Infection
  • Infection that spreads to the bloodstream